Many Breeders are discovering Species Appropriate Raw food diets after discovering and recognizing that they truly offer the very best for dogs and the best possible start in life for their puppies, promoting a natural and steady growth by providing nutrients, vitamins, electrolytes and enzymes naturally balanced by nature. This can also be clearly seen with the condition of their coat, skin, stools and general overall health. We have had a large number of Breeders that choose to use sure4pets as their main supplier and for additional help regarding nutrition, that have not only seen improvements in the amount of litters being produced, but they have all commented on how much healthier their pups are after initially being born and how quickly mum bounces back after giving birth.
Feeding New Born Pups
Firstly and as I’m sure you will be quite aware, puppies, like all animals grow very quickly, leaving very little time to ensure that the foundations of health which are laid down in puppy hood will be good enough to see them through life. Now the problem with using a commercial processed “synthetic food” to grow pups is that this compromises their natural growth rate and development and for a number of reasons.
Why And How A Commercial Diet Could Cause Damage To Your Growing Puppies
When puppies are fed a processed diet their main energy source will most likely include a lot of carbohydrates, not only this, puppies that are fed a lot of carbohydrates may well become fat and too heavy for their bones; which can then cause damage to joints and tendons or other deformities.
There are many other issues that pose a risk to the health of not only puppies but dogs and animals in general, and even a study conducted by the Animal Nutrition Group on the effects of high temperatures and the effects it has on nutrition revealed that 4mm kibble (biscuit) which is heated at 200 degrees lowered proline, total lysine, reactive lysine concentrations, linolenic and linoleic acid concentrations, and increased oleic acid (Animal Nutrition Group, 2011). The cooking process basically changes the molecular structure of ingredients making it more indigestible and the dogs immune system sees these as foreign, thus their immune system attacks them (Billinghurst, 1993). To add to this 75-80% of health for every and any animal is provided by nutrition, this is due to the fact that 75-80% of the immune system is housed in the gut, the immune system protects the body against virus and bacteria!! Cooked processed dry dog food contains very little moisture, about 10%, and is dehydrating to dogs (Becker, 2012).
Further to this, advanced glycation end products (AGE’s) are harmful compounds that are formed when protein or fat combine with sugar in the bloodstream, they are formed when food is cooked at high temperatures, this includes, sterilizing, extruding and even pasteurizing. When the food is eaten, it transfers the AGE’s into the body, these AGE’s build up in the body over time and lead to oxidative stress which is an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in the body. Free radicals are oxygen-containing molecules with an uneven number of electrons. The uneven number allows them to easily react with other molecules, resulting in, inflammation, this also increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes and kidney disease.
At 43 degrees Centigrade, two of the 8 essential amino acids, tryptophan and lysine, are destroyed, when food is cooked at around 47 degrees Centigrade and FOR JUST 3 MINUTES or so, there are a number of harmful changes that occur, gradually causing increased nutritional damage and as higher temperatures are applied over prolonged periods of time, proteins solidify, the molecular structure of protein is altered as mentioned, which in turn results in the deficiency of some of the essential amino acids, over heated fats produce a plethora of carcinogens – nitrosamines, acrolein, benzopyrene and more, we find that up to 50% of vitamins are destroyed, natural fibres breakdown, cellulose loses the ability to pass through the digestive tract and all of the enzymes are damaged which ultimately shortens the animals life span as the body uses it’s own enzymes to maintain function.
The processing of kibble includes rendering, this rendering process not only exceeds times of over an hour but it also reaches temperatures of 138 degrees Centigrade, causing enzyme resistant linkages to form between the amino acid chains, the body is unable to separate these amino acids and because of this unnatural form the body can’t them so must remove them. The cooked proteins also become dead organic waste material which the immune system then see’s as foreign and attacks them.
Processed pet food, (no matter what brand, no matter how much it costs, if the ingredients are organic, or if they are nothing more than road kill and euthanized animals); it all ends up the same – nutritionally DEAD Lacking any real or natural nutrition, it doesn’t matter what “raw materials” you start out with; whether it’s, grass-fed – organic beef, lamb or free range chickens, the rendering, cooking, drying, canning and or baking (at high temperatures) destroys not only the nutrition but also, vitamins, amino acids and enzymes, The final product is pretty much the same as the cheapest kibble (biscuit) you can buy at the supermarket. They are all synthetic (fake) “foods” with synthetic manmade nutrition applied – Kibble is kibble and will always be kibble !
When we feed our puppies with a processed diet, anything that has been added to that concoction will also be cooked at very high temperatures, reducing the nutrients/minerals that were available and adding to this the fact the ingredient’s will most likely not come from a great natural and useable source, like the calcium and phosphorus which occurs in a raw diet and naturally. What we must realize is that there is so called “experts” somewhere who think that it’s not only fine to feed our carnivores on carbs but will also have no problem estimating the artificial addition of nutrients/minerals needed to replace the one’s that have now been cooked out, ultimately we are in a situation where people have replaced Mother Nature and coincidentally dogs and animals in general are suffering.
When we feed processed foods, we are putting our puppies health at risk by assuming the manufacturer has estimated the quantities of these vital minerals accordingly, the correct ingredients have been used and our puppy’s or any other animal for that matter can actually process artificial minerals efficiently On top of this, processed foods contain chemicals and toxins that are in the form of additives and preservatives, so not only do our puppies have to eat artificial food, they now also have to deal with these extras !
It’s also very difficult to obtain a true picture when a chemical analysis is made of commercial dog foods. This is because the results will show the mineral levels present – regardless of their source and how useful and obtainable they actually are to the animal. If they cannot process and digest enough of the minerals which appear to be correct in analysis, they risk a deficiency of one or the other and the relationship between the calcium and phosphorus and the very important job they do in growing your pup’s bone and muscle growth will be compromised. I would just like to add at this point that green tripe is naturally balanced between phosphorus and calcium 1-1 which is the perfect ration for bone development growth and structure, making it ideal for young puppies.
Benefits from Growing Your Puppies With Their SARF Diet
When a pup is fed their SARF diet the protein is from meat and natural fat instead of cheaper alternatives without the use of carbohydrates, this provides a natural and normal growth rate and does not put excess strain and pressure on growing joints from a body mass that has grown too quickly and heavy for its support system – the dog’s bones.
The huge advantage of feeding a SARF diet to your pup is that it will contain little or no carbohydrates. The pup’s energy source will come from protein, meat and fat. A SARF diet also contains fewer calories lb for lb than commercial brands of dog food.
Your puppy’s bone growth is influenced by the ratio of Calcium & Phosphorus intake and the source, when your pup is fed their own species appropriate raw food diet which has been designed by Mother Nature specifically for their individual species, the work is done for us.
Calcium & Phosphorus
Nutritional requirements and the biological systems of animals work best when they are in harmony with each other and not at odds.
The deficiency or over abundance of one vital element can very often affect another.
When Calcium and Phosphorus are sourced from a SARF diet, the dog’s system completely embraces the presentation and the growth of your puppies bones is fuelled by energy sourced from the protein of raw meat….. that same meat providing natural phosphorus and the inclusion of raw bone providing calcium, we create a growth system that is correct and sound.
Phosphorus is found in abundance in organ meat and in much lower quantities in muscle meats. Phosphorus directly assists your pup’s bone growth and is responsible for maintaining strong and healthy bones.
Calcium is found in abundance in raw bone, bone also contains a little phosphorus, the meatier the bone, the more phosphorus is present. By feeding the less meaty bones, you are providing more calcium.
Going Back To Nature
Dogs are now classified scientifically as Canis lupus familiaris by the Smithsonian Institute (Wayne, R.K. “What is a Wolfdog?” www.fiu.edu/~milesk/Genetics.htm), placing them in the same species as the gray wolf, Canis lupus, Dogs are so much like wolves physiologically that they are frequently used in wolf studies as a physiological model for wolf body processes (Mech, L.D. 2003. Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation). Additionally, dogs and wolves share 99.8% of their mitochondrial DNA (Wayne, R.K. Molecular Evolution of the Dog Family).
The mitochondria, basically is how the body process food and turns it into energy growth and sustainable life, so although we have changed the appearance of dogs and have domesticated them, we have done nothing to change their internal anatomy, function and nutritional requirements.
When wolves and wild dogs have been studied, the first three to four weeks, puppies live on their mother’s milk. I’m sure you will be aware of phantom pregnancies which in many cases milk can often be produced, this is the beauty of nature – which never fails to fascinate me, because this allows another bitch from the same pack to take over if anything happens to mum during the pregnancy. Female wolves and dogs have the ability to produce milk even if they haven’t given birth. This milk not only provides all the nourishment required but also assists in the initial development of each puppy’s immune system and ultimately helps to build the foundations for protection against virus and bacteria.
At around three to four weeks and sometimes earlier, puppies will start to pick up food scraps that are discarded by the other wolves in the pack. They will play with the food and chew on it. This is where they learn to chew. Milk can still be part of their diet until they are around seven weeks old. The photo’s pictured below are from one of our breeders litter
Once they reach weeks six to seven, the mother will start regurgitating their own food and giving it to the puppies, Puppies may eat regurgitated food as part of their diet for up to 20 weeks after they are born, other members of the pack may also regurgitate their food too. We stock a number of dinner range minces, that are finely minced and designed to mimic this natural process, We normally advise feeding Chicken or Chicken and Tripe at this point as chicken is the easiest protein to digest and tripe is naturally balanced between phosphorus and calcium 1-1 the perfect ratio for bone development growth and structure.
The changeover to adult food is generally gradual, usually starting at around 12 weeks and finishing at 16 weeks, which is about the time the puppies get their permanent teeth.
Growing your Puppies with Their SARF Diet
The weaning process to their SARF diet should be gradual, starting at around three to four weeks and assuming that mum’s milk holds out, it can take up to between 7-8 weeks. If you notice mum starting to dry up then you may need to speed things up a little. The earliest that we advise starting puppies on raw and solid food is 3-4 weeks of age, this follows with natures general rule and time frame of between 3-8 weeks, remember their mother’s milk is so much better for their initial development. Once the weaning process is in full swing and depending on the litter size and of course the age of the pups, We advise feeding 10% of their body weight per day divided into 4 -6 meals per day, however with larger litters you can give mum free choice of the amount she eats so she can keep up with her energy demands.
Ultimately what we try to achieve with all our customers is to help you mimic the way these animals would eat naturally, which is why we also advise presenting raw chicken or duck wings at around 3 weeks old too, although they may not consume them, they will become familiar with the taste, it will also give them a little experience in chewing, which is all part of their development.